Easy & Simple Rangoli Designs for Home 2023

by Urwashee Saxena on Jan 09, 2023

Rangoli is not only a fun way to add color and vibrancy to your holiday decorations but it is also said to bring good fortune. The people of Nepal, India, and Bangladesh have long been practicing this art form. Using colored rice, flowers, sand, or paint, easy, simple square rangoli designs are drawn on the floor to decorate it.

Rangoli art is a time-honored practice for ushering in prosperity, and its appeal has not waned with the passage of years. One of the most well-attended events during celebrations is contests in the art of floral design with diya. The mystical dispersion of colors known as Rangoli brings good fortune to those who see it. Most rangoli patterns are symmetrical and symbolize success, progress, and good fortune in many cultures and faiths.


Rangoli Pattern

Diwali's bright, colorful, and lovely diya-shaped rangoli patterns are a festival staple. They set out to entice the Hindu goddess of riches, Lakshmi, into your home, where they are believed to increase prosperity. They were first made in India, but now you can find them everywhere Hindus gather to celebrate.

In most cases, symmetrical patterns are used for creating Om or Swastika rangoli art. They include both linear and organic elements, such as flowers and leaves. The designs' symmetrical patterns represent prosperity, expansion, and good fortune.

There is no set size for a rangoli pattern. In certain regions of India, teams of individuals compete in Rangoli contests by creating bigger patterns to be assessed and enjoyed by the public. During Diwali, the Hindu Festival of Lights, many people create lord Ganesha Rangoli designs.

However, they are also common sights during Hindu holidays like Pongal, Tihar, and Onam, as well as other special events and ceremonies. Therefore, the family members will work together to create their unique Rangoli designs to showcase during these celebrations.


How are the patterns in Rangoli created?

While many rangoli designs are created on the floor, it is possible to create the design on a board and then transport it to its final location. Each pattern is one of a kind, and many have been handed down over the years in one family. They have straight and curved lines, and their forms allude to earthly and heavenly sources.

Outlines are created first, followed by color fills for the pattern. Creating easy, simple square rangoli designs requires relatively little in the way of specialized equipment or materials, and the resulting designs are bright and beautiful. Colored powders or uncooked rice granules with added color may be used instead. 

Everyday items like flour or sand and rice may be colored and utilized either wet or dry. Traditional Lotus Rangoli designs would have been colored using dyes created from natural materials like tree bark and plants before the advent of synthetic colors.


Several Types of Rangoli 

Chowk Purana in Northern India, Aripana in Bihar, Mandana in Rajasthan, Kolam in Southern India, and Alpana in Bengal are all names for Rangoli. All of its elements are represented in the names. People in Maharashtra formerly created rangolis regularly.

It sends up good vibrations and serves as a warm greeting to visitors. But, when it comes to creating the most stunning floral design with diya, each state has its unique tradition. So, let's study how they create these unique rangoli patterns.


Chowk Purana from Uttar Pradesh


As for similarities, Chowk Purana has several with the geometry you studied in school. For example, in Chowk Purana, you will be drawing circles similarly to when you were using a compass, with the obvious exception being that you won't have access to one.

It's the same routine at the resting base. You have to join the dots and make a structure; the embellishments are for show. Chowk Purana is often a well-organized circular petals rangoli.

It is the state's long-standing artistic heritage. So then, with the assistance of color, the symmetrical rangoli are finished. It turns out that the more you play with different color combinations, the better it looks.


Muruja/Jhoti/Chita from Odisha


Jhoti/Chita rangolis are a little bit unique. When creating this Odiya rangoli, a semi-liquid paste of pithau or rice is used to produce the white line art, and brushes are used instead of fingers to give it a more grounded and real look.

One may recognize a Jhoti by its lotus, elephant, and flower designs. Goddess Lakshmi's footprints are also required in any Jhoti. The home ladies create artwork with seasonal and holiday-specific themes throughout the year. It's been theorized that it bridges the spiritual and tangible gap.

In contrast, Muruja rangoli designs often honor either Lord Jagannath or Lord Krishna. Hence, they are attracted to the Tulsi plant, which has religious significance in Hinduism.

This rangoli requires careful attention to detail and consideration of the larger picture and its connections. Women in Odisha are known for creating stunning all flowers rangoli, not only on the floor but also on the walls.


Mandana from Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan


Mandana style is a well-known tribal art form in the remote villages of Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan. Mandana rangoli is still popular today because it looks great and can be made by anybody without much practice. It's a traditional, understated, and beautiful example of Rangoli.

A red coat of paint and a coat of clay plaster are all needed to create a bold and beautiful floor or block. Typically, a chalk powder foundation is drawn, and the rangoli is filled with various colors. Even in its most basic form, it evokes a sense of history and identity.


Kolam from Tamil Nadu


Kolam is a kind of rangoli that only uses one color, yet it still allows for a great deal of freedom in terms of creativity and expressing ideas via floor painting. Though it lacks the complexity of elaborate designs, the simple white peacock-shaped rangoli still has unique shapes. Furthermore, Kolam, freestyle designs, or patterns, have little constraints.


Alpana from Bengal


The color white is predominating in both Kolam and Alpana. This is because white is the most calming color there is and is a symbol of peace and unity. In place of colors or flowers, rice flour is dissolved in water to create a white liquid.

Alpana is the ideal rangoli for those who like a more minimalist design. An alpana typically has a black or dark backdrop with intricate, symbolic designs. In addition, modern Grand Kundan rangoli often have subtle accents of red and green. Alpana's rangolis are enormous and created with a lot of care and attention to detail.


The Meaning of Rangoli on the Festival and Its Mythology

The following recounts some of the mythology behind the tradition of creating Lotus-shaped rangoli for special occasions like Diwali.


The Stories Behind Goddess Lakshmi

Legend has it that we celebrate Diwali to invite the goddess of wealth, prosperity, and plenty into our homes. Money and success seem to flow effortlessly from her. So, as a welcome gesture, people create necklace rangoli in front of their houses.

Many add petal-like flourishes around the design's perimeter since stories state the Goddess sat on a lotus. There are many ways that devotees may show their appreciation for Lakshmi by incorporating symbols of her worship into their unique designs.

Communities in Bihar and Bengal often utilize tiny footprints as a motif, believing that the Goddess would bless their homes if they made their way there. Using geometric patterns, worshippers in Andhra Pradesh create a unique kind of rangoli with an eight-petal lotus (Ashtadal Kamal). The holy floral motif is substituted with an eight-pointed star in Tamil Nadu (Hridaya Kalam). 


A Manifestation of Good Will

Inviting good energy into one's home is a common motivation for creating rangolis at the front door. They think it's a protective emblem against evil spirits. Folklore believes that negative energy in the air may be captured by drawing elaborate feather rangoli designs. These patterns shield us from harm and encourage optimistic thoughts by soaking up negativity.


Patterns of Rangoli and Their Meaning

When creating a rangoli for Diwali, most individuals stick to a predetermined theme. For example, if you are a follower of Lord Krishna, you may make it in the form of a peacock or put it in the middle of your design and decorate around it with geometric designs. Those who worship a deity often create a symbol in the form of a deity. Some people avoid erasing their rangoli designs the day after Diwali out of reverence for the Hindu gods.



The spontaneity of the artwork is what makes it so enjoyable. The originality of an artist determines whether or not a classic pattern has a contemporary counterpart. Various decorations make contemporary rangoli seem captivating. Beautiful embellishments such as flowers, petals, paints, and pom-pom rangoli elevate the work to a new level.

Diwali rangoli is more beautiful when adorned with lit diyas and special designs. Even in its original form, rangoli has undergone a contemporary transformation, with artists using it to raise awareness of social problems and convey messages during rangoli contests.


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